NC State Extension

References

 Christmas Tree History Table of Contents | 1–Getting Started | 2–Why Fraser | 3–Fraser Christmas | 4–An Association | 5–1960s | 6–1970s | 7–1980s | 8–Last 20 Years


A–D | E–G | H–K | L-O | P-S | T-Z

A-D

  • ’81 harvest ends shortage of Christmas tree seed. (1981, October 2). The Raleigh Times.
  • A seasonal state agribusiness looks for ways to keep growing. (1977). North Carolina. December 1977. Wachovia.
  • Adorning the White House: Alum furnishes first family fir. (1991, January). NCSU Alumni magazine, p. 28.
  • Agricultural Extension Service (January 4, 1962). Avery Journal.
  • Agricultural Extension Service (July 5, 1962). Avery Journal.
  • Agricultural statistics – Christmas trees. (1998, 2007). 1997 NC Christmas tree sales total $78 million. Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://www.ncagr.gov/stats/crops/christmastrees.html
  • Albers, H. H. & Davis, A. K. (1997). The wonderful world of Christmas trees. Mi-Prairie Books.
  • Aldridge, W. N. (1959, April 13). Letter to F. H. Claridge, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Aldridge, W. N. (1959, April 29). Letter to John Gray, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Allgood, J. G., Whitfield, F. E., and Blair, J. C. (1973, March). Economics of growing Fraser fir Christmas trees. The North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service. Circular 555.
  • Amman, G. D., Speers, C. F. (1965). Balsam woolly aphid in the southern Appalachians, Journal of Forestry. 63 (1), pp. 18-20.
  • Anderson, J. (2009) February 10 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Anderson, P. (1995, January 19). Christmas-tree growers fined for migrant treatment. Winston Salem Journal.
  • Annual winter meeting of the North Carolina Christmas Tree Growers’ Cooperative, November 17, 1962 program.
  • Arnold, R. J. (1994). The decline of natural Fraser fir stands. American Christmas Tree Journal. 38 (1), pp. 32-35.
  • Articles of Incorporation. (1959, August 27). The North Carolina Christmas Tree Growers Cooperative, Inc. Newland, N.C. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Articles of Incorporation. (1963, August 23). The North Carolina Christmas Tree Growers Association, Inc. Newland, N.C. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Ashe County festival continues to grow. (1989). Limbs & Needles. 17 (2), p. 2, 10.
  • Ashurst, A. (1993, December 1). Decking the hall: Mitchell County family provides presidential Christmas tree. Mitchell News Journal.
  • Avery 4-H exhibit wins first place at state fair. (1961, October 26). Avery Journal.
  • Avery County Agricultural Extension Service (1984). Avery County data worksheets of cash farm income. Unpublished raw data.
  • Avery County is tops in Christmas trees. (1993, December). Avery County is top sin Christmas trees. Carolina Farmer.
  • Avery County nurserymen meet. (1959, June 4). Avery Journal.
  • Avery County Planning Board. (1962). Overall economic development program for Avery County, North Carolina. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Avery, W. (1977, March 3). Letter to Charles Apperson, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Avery, W. (2007). February 29 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Ayers, W. (2007). February 22 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Backgrounder – History of Monsanto’s glyphosate herbicides. (2005). Retrieved August 18, 2009 at http://www.monsanto.com/monsanto/content/products/productivity/roundup/back_history.pdf
  • Balsam Fraser Fir Christmas Tree from Roan Wins Praise, (1959, February 29). Tri-County News
  • Barr, W. (1992). How I started growing trees. Mountain Life Magazine, December.
  • Belgian horse team delivers white house Christmas tree. (2007). Simply Marvelous: The Wonderful World of Horses. Retrieved August 21, 2009 at: http://simplymarvelous.wordpress.com/page/9/
  • Bellis, M. (2009). The history of Christmas stuff. Retrieved June 29, 2009 from http://inventors.about.com/od/articlesandresources/a/christmas.htm
  • Beutell, T. (1998). Address at the 1998 National Christmas Tree Convention, Asheville, North Carolina provided by the author.
  • Beutell, T. (2007) March 6 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Christy Bredenkamp.
  • Bissell, L. P., (1960). Maine. American Christmas Tree Grower’s Journal. 4 (1). P. 28-29.
  • Blake, R. B. (1999). “Oh, Christmas Tree, Oh, Christmas Tree”. Souvenir Program, 2nd International Christmas Tree Conference, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • Boyd, J. D. (1971) Christmas tree for the White House. Farm Journal. 95 (11) p. 1.
  • Brenneman, D. L. (1963, August 20). Letter to P. A. Griffiths, Assitant State Forester.
  • Brewer, G. R. (1978). Boone live Christmas tree project. Limbs & Needles. 6 (1), p. 1.
  • Brewer, G. R. (2008). January 20 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Brinkley, P. (2002). Sam Cartner inducted into the WNC Agricultural Hall of Fame. Limbs & Needles. 29 (3), p. 6.
  • Brundage, R. C. (1965). Marketing Christmas trees. Journal of Forestry, 63(11) 868-871.
  • Burgin, W. (1991). Oh, Christmas TREES!, The State, December.
  • Byrd, T. (1970, December 20). Avery grower to provide Nixon’s Christmas tree. The Winston-Salem Journal.
  • Campbell, R. (2000). President’s message. Limbs & Needles, 27 (4), p. 2.
  • Cantrell, B. (1971, December 9). Avery furnished tree for white house blue room. Avery Journal.
  • Cantrell, B. (1990, December 6). Bush family pleased with Avery county Fraser fir. The Avery Journal.
  • Caption to photo. (1973). Limbs & Needles. 1 (1), p. 4.
  • Caption to photo. (1973). Limbs & Needles. 1 (2), p. 5.
  • Carey, J. (1987). Christmas trees: A brief history of how they began in Ashe County. Memories of an Ashe County Christmas. David H. Desautels Printing.
  • Cartner, S. (1960, May 12). Shearing and pruning white pine. Avery Journal.
  • Cartner, S. (1962, February 8). Good supply of 2-1 tranplants. Avery Journal.
  • Cartner, S., (2007). February 2 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Jerry Moody.
  • Charter of North Carolina Christmas Tree Growers Association. (1973, August 12). North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives
  • Chastagner, G. A. (1990). Keeping cut trees fresh – A summary of tree keepability research at Washington State University. Christmas Tree Outlook 23(3): 32-44.
  • Checkoff marketing order study. (2008). Limbs & Needles. 35 (2), pp. 8-14, 18-20.
  • Christmas in July. (1987). Limbs & Needles. 15 (2). pp. 22, 24.
  • Christmas tree choices in 1972. (1973). Limbs & Needles. 1 (2), p. 6.
  • Christmas tree exhibit. (1959, October 8). Avery Journal.
  • Christmas tree group elects Koch. (1974, August 26). Watauga Democrat.
  • Christmas tree growers have Boone conference. (1974, August 22). Watauga Democrat.
  • Christmas tree growers meet here. (1965, August 19). Avery Journal.
  • Christmas tree growers meeting. (1961, July 10). Avery Journal.
  • Christmas tree species. (1959, November 5). Avery Journal.
  • Christmas trees. (1959, December 24). Avery Journal.
  • Ciesla, W. M. & Buchanan, W. D. (1962). Biological evaluation of balsam woolly aphid, Roan Mountain Gardens, Toecane District, Pisgah National Forest, North Carolina. USFS, SA. S & PF, Div FPM. Report 62-93 (unpublished).
  • Clapp, C. E. (1965). Christmas tree planting stock: A key to profits. Journal of Forestry, 63(11) 874)-876.
  • Claridge, F. H. (1959, April 29). Letter to William Aldridge, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Claridge, F. H. (1960, February 15). Resume of meeting held at SAF meeting in Durham on February 12 regarding the preservation and protection of a permanent seed source of Fraser Fir, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Claridge, F. H. (1963, January 18). Report on balsam woolly aphid meeting, January 8, 1963, Asheville, NC, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Clayton, J. F. (1964). Minutes of Board of Directors meeting, Holmes Nursery, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Coan, J. (1986). Some retailing observations. Limbs & Needles. 14 (2), pp. 31-33.
  • Coffey, R. K. (2001) Magnolias and Firs: The John Fraser Connection. Retrieved July 7, 2008 from Appalachian Voices web site: www.appvoices.org/index.php?/site/voice_stories/magnolias_and_firs_the_john_fraser_connection/
  • Convention program: 8th National Christmas Tree Biennial Convention.
  • Cooperative agreement to develop alternate chemicals for controlling the balsam woolly adelgid. (1979, August). US Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment State in Asheville and the NCCTA.
  • Copeland, F. O. (1919, December 21). Vermont’s Christmas tree harvest. New York Times.
  • Cowling, E. B., Harwood, D. G. Jr., & Kriz, G. J. (1979). Christmas tree agricultural research service and agricultural extension service faculty members and programs, North Carolina State University. Limbs & Needles. 7 (3), p. 18-19, 21, 23.
  • Cut Christmas trees: 2007 and 2002. (2008). Census of Agriculture, Table 36. Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Full_Report/Volume_1,_Chapter_2_US_State_Level/st99_2_036_036.pdf
  • Dambach, W. W. (1980). Pennsylvania Christmas Tree Growers Association, American Christmas Tree Journal. 24 (3), p.39.
  • Davis, A. K. (1996). The history of the Christmas tree industry in North America. American Christmas Tree Journal. 40 (4), pp. 5-11.
  • Davis, C. S. (1950, May 28). Roots and herbs a financial tonic for Carolina mountain families. Winston-Salem Jouran & Sentinel.
  • Davis, T. S., (1976). Market acceptance of Pinus virginiana as a Christmas tree. Limbs & Needles. 4 (2), p. 1, 3.
  • Davison, A. T. (1962, September 13). Letter to J. J. Green, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Davison, A. T. (1974). National director’s report. Limbs & Needles. 2 (2), p. 6.
  • Davison, A. T.,(1964). North Carolina. American Christmas Tree Growers’ Journal. 8 (1), p. 38.
  • Deal, E. (2009). March 27 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Delivering blue room tree. (1983). Limbs & Needles. 11 (1), p. 3.
  • Dellinger, H. (1959, June 14). Letter to Cy Heath, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Dellinger, H. (1959, June 24). Letter to M. C. Stewart, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Dellinger, H. (1959, June 9). Letter to M. C. Stewart, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Dellinger, H. (1960, January 11). Letter to M. C. Stewart, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Dellinger, H. (1960, January 29). Letter to Mr. Davis, North Carolina Christmas Tree association archives.
  • Dellinger, H., (2007). February 29 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Directors meeting May 21, 1982 – Statesville Ag. Center. (1982). Limbs & Needles. Vol 10 (2), pp. 26, 26-27.
  • Douglass, R. (1966). Mineral nutrition of Christmas trees. American Christmas Tree Journal. 10 (2), pp. 22-25.
  • Douglass, R. (1976, February 13). Planning Christmas tree plantations. NCSU Extension Forest Resources handout.
  • Douglass, R. (1976, February 16). Fertilizing Christmas trees. NCSU Extension Forest Resources handout.
  • Douglass, R. (1976, February 16). Suitability of mountain soils for Fraser fir and white pine. NCSU Extension Forest Resources handout.
  • Drake, S. (2004). 2003 consumer study. American Christmas Tree Journal. 48 (2), pp. 22-25.
  • Dugger, S. M. (1934) The Balsam Groves of the Grandfather Mountain: A Tale of the Western North Carolina Mountain.

Top

E–G

  • Editorial: Horticulturalist needed. (1961, February 16). Avery Journal.
  • Elliott, F. ( 1993, April 4). Avery farmers learn stewardship: New program helps Christmas tree growers take care of the land. Winston-Salem Journal.
  • Eric Hinesley – Background Information. (1978). Limbs & Needles. 6 (3), p. 16.
  • Evaluation of competitive position of the Fraser fir Christmas tree. (2001). North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Marketing, Division of Agricultural Statistics.
  • Events leading up to Smith-Lever Act and Cooperative Extension. (2005). Retrieved July 6, 2009 from https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/chatham/archived/HeritageDay/HDHistory.html
  • Farrier, M. H. & Whitfield, F. (1967). Forest insects, 1967 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual. North Carolina State University.
  • Farrier, M. H. & Whitfield, F. (1972). Forest insects, 1972 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual. North Carolina State University.
  • Farthing, R. G. (1963, June 20). Letter to The Cashier, Avery County Bank, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Fischer, J. (1990, November 29). Tree to whitehouse, The Charlotte Observer.
  • Fishel, S. (2009) February 10 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Fletman, A. (1984, December 2). Christmas tree growers fear surplus is ahead. The Charlotte Observer.
  • Frampton, J. & McKinney, D. (2002). The North Carolina Premium Fraser Fir Seed Cooperative. Limbs & Needles. 29 (2), pp. 10, 12-13.
  • Frampton, J. (1998). Fir species of the world. Limbs & Needles, 25(1), pp. 8-9, 13, 28.
  • Fraser Fir, a Southern Appalachian Phoenix. (1980, February 13). NC Educational Television
  • Fraser, D. (2007). Short biography of John Fraser by Dr. Robert Hogg. Retrieved December 16, 2008, from http://john-fraser.com.
  • Fred Whitfield honored. (1975). Limbs & Needles 3 (1) p. 1.
  • Fred Whitfield, Speaker. (1976). American Christmas Tree Journal. 20 (3) p. 44
  • Frost, R. (1920). Christmas trees. A Christmas circular letter.
  • Fullwood, S. (1982, November 29). Tree growers plant seeds of discontent. The Greensboro News and Record, p. C1.
  • Gandhi, R. (1998, 2001). Pesticides and Breast Cancer Risk: Lindane, Fact Sheet #15; Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/FactSheet/Pesticide/fs15.lindane.cfm
  • Garner, B. N. (1987) December 22 letter to the editor of Florida Today, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Gaskin, P. (2001). Legislative update. Limbs & Needles, 28(3), p. 14-15.
  • Giaimo, G. (2006). Feather Christmas trees: A treasure from the past. Retrieved June 29, 2009 from http://www.victoriana.com/christmas/featherchristmastree.htm.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (1959). Press release to County Extension Agents in North Carolina, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (1959, December 31). Letter to C. Campbell Wilson, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (1959, June 19). Letter to Bill Aldridge, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (1960). North Carolina. American Christmas Tree Grower’s Journal. 4 (1), pp. 35-37.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (1962). Growing & Marketing Christmas Trees. The North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service. Extension Circular No. 436.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (1963). Farm woodland plan (Christmas tree production) for FHA forestry credit for Beutell Brothers.
  • Gilliam, J. H. (2008). January 22 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Linda Gragg.
  • Gilliam, J. H., Gray, J., Johnstone, R. L. (1963). Christmas tree production budgets for western North Carolina. North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service State College Station bulletin, Raleigh, NC.
  • Gilpin, P. (1965, November 21 ). Christmas trees beginning to pay off in the mountains. The Asheville Citizen-Times.
  • Gorman, L., Martin, M. H., Ellison, D., Woody, J., Devine, J. F. (1989). North Carolina century farms: 100 years of continuous agricultural heritage. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
  • Grand champion trees. (2009). National Christmas Tree Association web site. Retrieved July 1, 2009 at http://www.christmastree.org/champion.cfm
  • Green, H. J. (1965, February 22). Notes from balsam woolly aphid meeting, Asheville, NC, January 27, 1965, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Groups work at establishing Fraser firs. (1981). Limbs & Needles. 9 (3). pp. 13-14.
  • Grower profile: Richard Woodie: NCCTA President aims to improve Fraser fir quality. (1990). Limbs & Needles. 17 (4), p. 4, 6-8.
  • Gryder, H. T. (1960, April 20). Letter to A. B. Hurt, Superintendent Ashe County Schools, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Gutierrez, B. M. (2006, April 4). Immigration debate reaches tree farms. The News Herald.
  • Gwinner, G. M. (1965). An organized Christmas tree industry. Journal of Forestry. 63(11) 847-848.

Top

H-K

  • Haga, K. L. (1960, October 20). E.C. Robbins, pioneer nurseryman. Avery Journal.
  • Hain, F. (2009). July 17 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Hal Johnson family presents White House Christmas tree. (1986). Limbs & Needles. 14 (1), pp 32-33.
  • Hale, D., Brown, J. H., Millender, A., Tryon, E. H. & Woodrum, H. G. (1964). West Virgina research on Fraser fir. American Christmas tree growers’ Journal. 8 (1), p. 19
  • Hall, C. W. (1965). Growing Christmas trees in the South. Journal of Forestry. 63(11) 857-859.
  • Hamilton, J. V. (2004). The Dynamics of Labor in North Caorlina’s Christmas Tree Industry. PhD thesis, NCSU.
  • Hampton, L. A. (undated) Buy Christmas trees grown in North Carolina. Brochure published by the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service.
  • Hardy, M. C. (2007). Remembering Avery County: Old Tales from North Carolina’s Youngest County. The History Press.
  • Harmon, J. (1987, August 15). In the Blue Ridge, death knell for a forest. The Atlanta Journal and the Atlanta Constitution.
  • Harris, H. G. (1977). North Carolina forest service begins production of containerized fraser fir seedlings. 5 (2), p. 1, 7, 11.
  • Hay, R. L. (1980). Fraser fir and the balsam woolly aphid: A problem analysis. Southern Appalachian research/resource management cooperative.
  • Hay, R. L., Eagar, C. C., & Johnson, K. D. (1978). Fraser fir in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Its demise by the balsam woolly aphid (Adelges Piceae Ratz.) Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries, The University of Tennessee Knoxville.
  • Heath, R. (1964). August 31 letter to Herman Dellinger, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Helms, J. (1979, November 5). Letter to W. W. Cagle, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Helmsing, P. (2004). Market expansion. American Christmas Tree Journal. 48 (2), pp 19, 21.
  • Helsley, A. J. and Jones, G. A. (2007). A Guide to Historic Henderson County, North Carolina. The History Press.
  • Hendee, J. C. (1982, March 1). Letter to E. W. Ross, Station Director , Subject: Christmas tree problems and opportunities in North Carolina, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Henry, T. (1980, December 17). The Christmas tree industry in Ashe. Jefferson Times: Mountain Living. (3)19, p.1.
  • Hensley, J. (1974, August 22). Growers of real thing blast counterfeit Christmas trees. The Asheville Citizen.
  • Hollifield, F. (2007). March 9 interview with Jill Sidebottom and Jeff Vance.
  • Hopkins, A. D. (1899). Report on investigations to determine the cause of unhealthy conditions of the spruce and pine from 1880-1893. W. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 56.
  • Houston, G. (1988). The Year Of The Perfect Christmas Tree: An Appalachian Story. Dial Books for Young Readers: A Division of NAL Penguin Inc.
  • Huffer, D. (1981, January 12). Letter to Jim McGraw, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Hughes, W. H. Jr. (1959). September 9 letter to S. K. Mortimer Jr., North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Hundley, D. (2009). Herman Dellinger: A teacher with vision. Limbs & Needles 36(2), pp. 10-11.
  • Huxster, W. T. & Harris, H. H. (1988, March 14). Memorandum to County Extension Agents with Fraser fir responsibilities. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Huxster, W. T. & McGraw, J. (1979, October 9). Memorandum to County Extension Agents in the 25 Fraser fir counties on Fraser fir seed supply survey.
  • Huxster, W. T. & Shelton, J. S. (1981). Management of small Fraser fir line out or transplant beds, Christmas tree notes – 002, Extension forest Resources, NCSU.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1978). 1978 information on February Christmas tree winter meeting. Limbs & Needles. 6 (1), p. 1, 6.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1978). N. C. Christmas tree growers respond to Fraser fir transplant shortage. Limbs & Needles. 6 (1), p. 10-11.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1978). Recent development in the cultural of white pine Christmas trees. A paper presented at the Symposium – Management of Pines of the Interior South, Knoxville, TN, November 7-9, 1978.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1978, February). Management of small Fraser fir line out or transplant beds. NCSU Forest Resources Notes.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1979, April 3). Memorandum to Leon H. Harkins, Subject: Christmas tree research and extension programs next 5 years.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1980, January 2). Memorandum to persons interested in Fraser fir seed demand, Subject: Interim analysis of future demand for Fraser fir seed for N. C. chrismtas tree industry, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Huxster, W. T. (1988, March 24). Memorandum to County Extension Agents with Fraser fir responsibilities. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Huxster, W. T. (2007). March 13 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • In Memoriam: Madison Eugene Motsinger. (1997). Limbs & Needles 24(1), p. 28.
  • In Memorium: Andrew Daylon Rogers. (2000). Limbs & Needles 27 (3), p. 28.
  • In Memorium: William Nevada Aldridge. (1997). Limbs & Needles 24(3), p. 31.
  • Ingle, T. L. (2003). Fred and John Wagoner. Limbs & Needles. 30(3) p. 10-12, 16.
  • Jett, J. B & McKeand, S. E. (1991). The genetic improvement of Fraser fir Christmas trees in North Carolina: An update. Limbs & Needles. 18 (1), p. 26.
  • Johnson winner in national Christmas tree grower contest. (1970, August 27). Avery Journal.
  • Johnson, H. (1964). South has a bright future in Christmas tree business. Progressive Farmer, 79 (12), 24A.
  • Johnson, H. (1975). Christmas tree bill ready. Limbs & Needles. 3 (1), p. 1.
  • Johnson, K. (1980). Fraser fir and the balsam woolly aphid: Summary of information. The Southern Appalachian Research – Resource Management Cooperative.
  • Joslin, M. (1994, May 1). The old fashioned way: Jonas Ridge man uses horsepower to harvest mountain laurel. Morganton News Herald.
  • Joslin, M. (1998, November 25). Christmas tree farm provides way of life for Ayers family. Mitchell News Journal.
  • Kegley, S. E., Hill, B. R., Orme, S. & Choi, A. H. (2000). PAN pesticide database, Pesticide Action Network. Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://www.pesticideinfo.org/Detail_Product.jsp?REG_NR=00312507827&DIST_NR=003125
  • Keller, W. (2007). June 6 interview with John Frampton.
  • Keller, W. M. (1979). Department of extension forest resources. A History: School of Forest Resources 1929-1979. Retrieved at http://cnr.ncsu.edu/fer/dept/documents/FER_History29-79.pdf
  • Kephart, H. (1913/1987). Our Southern Highlanders. The University of Tennessee Press/Knoxville.
  • Kern, B. (1965). Growing Christmas trees in the Midwest. Journal of Forestry. 63 (), p. 860-861.
  • Killison, R. C. (1963, August 26). Letter to Dwight Brenneman, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Koelling, M. R., Hart, J. B., & Leffers, L. (1998). Christmas tree production in Michigan. Michigan State University Extension Ag experiment Station Special Reports – SR619201. Retrieved from http://web1.msue.msu.edu/imp/modsr/sr619201.html
  • Kriz, G. J. (1990, August 27). Letter to Sam Cartner with program schedule for overview. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Kuhlman, E. G. & Wells, C. G. (1971). Phytophthora root rot and fertilization damage in Christmas tree plantations. American Christmas Tree Journal. 15 (2), pp.17-20.

Top

L-O

  • Lacey, S. (1999). Nova Scotia Christmas Tree Journal
  • Ladd, S. (1985, December 8). Growing rows of dark green dreams. Greensboro News & Record.
  • Large lumber deal at Black Mountain, (1913, October 8). Asheville-Citizen Times.
  • LaRue, W. C. (1961). Fraser firs for Christmas trees. Progressive Farmer, 76 (12), p. 63.
  • Laughlin, J. B. (1999). Roan Mountain: A Passage of time, 2ed. The Overmountain Press.
  • Lawrence, K. (1992). Christmas in July: 70,000 people, 200 vendors and a whole lot of fun! Limbs & Needles. 19 (1).
  • Learn about the White House Christmas tree. (2008). Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://www.5min.com/Video/Learn-about-the-White-House-Christmas-Tree-140303155
  • Leggins, C. (2009). Report sent January 27, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Littleton, C. C. (1971). How to buy a Christmas tree. USDA Consumer and Marketing Service Home and Garden Bulletin No. 189. Ocotber, 1971.
  • Lynch, J. (1964, August 12). Letter to George Conrad, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Lynch, J. (1964, January 26). Letter to editor of the Raleigh News & Observer, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Lynch, J. (1964, September 28). Letter to Bill Aldridge, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Maddney, P. (1980, December 8). Growing business. The Winston-Salem Journal, p. 17.
  • McGraw, J. & Huxster, W. T. (1979, November 5). Balsam woolly aphid/Fraser fir action plan (BWA/FFAP): Background, problems, proposed solutions. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association Archives.
  • McGraw, J. (1979). Log of seed shortage awareness. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • McGraw, J. (1979, October 5). Memorandum for the record. Subject: Development of Fraser fir seed (SPA) in Virginia.
  • McGraw, J. (1980). Past and present importance of the red spruce-Fraser fir forest resource of the southern Appalachians. Limbs & Needles, 8(3), 13, 16-18.
  • McGraw, J. (1980, January 22), Memorandum to Agricultural Extension Agents with Christmas tree responsibility in Fraser fir counties. Subject: Fraser fir/balsam woolly aphid television program. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • McGraw, J. (1981). Continuation: Past and present importance of the red spruce-Fraser fir forest resource of the southern Appalachians. Limbs & Needles, 9(1), 13, 15, 17, 19-20.
  • McGraw, J. Undated. Notes of the Christmas tree industry history. Unpublished manuscript.
  • McKeand, S. Bridgewater, F., McKinley, C., Jett, J. B. & Arnold, R. (1995). 1994 seed collection from natural stands of Fraser fir and plans for breeding and genetics research at NCSU. Limbs & Needles. 22 (1), pp. 4, 6-7.
  • McKinley, C. R. (1996). Fraser fir task force. Limbs & Needles. 23 (4). p. 7, 9, 11.
  • McKinley, C. R. (1997). Consumer preferences for tree species: A moving target! Limbs & Needles. 24 (2), pp 5, 8-9.
  • McMurray, A. (2009). January 27 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Mills, B. (1982). A tree grows for Christmas. Limbs & Needles. 10 (1), pp. 8-10, 12, 14.
  • Minckler, L. S. (1940). Early planting experiments in the spruce-fir type of the Southern Appalachians. Journal of Forestry, 38, pp.651-654.
  • Minutes of Board of Directors Meeting (1964, November 27). North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Miss. Cellania’s Files. (2008). Christmas tree fads and fashions, Retrieved December 12, 2008, from Mental_floss blog: http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/21009
  • Mitchell, R. G., Amman, G. D. & Waters, W. E. (1970, July). Balsam woolly adelgid. US Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Forest Pest Leaflet 118.
  • Montgomery, L. M. (1910/1993). The Golden Road. Bantam Books.
  • Moore, H. (1984, December 2). Christmas tree farms ready for do-it-yourselfers. The Charlotte Observer.
  • Morgan, E. (1978, April) Letter to K. Brock, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Mountain Greenery. (1973, May). North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service and the Tennessee Valley Authority, Circular Z-41.
  • “Mr. Ralph” Sasser honored. (2001). Limbs & Needles. 28 (1), p. 18.
  • Murray Stewart Dies; Grandfather of NCTA. (1974). American Christmas Tree Journal. 19 (4), p. 50.
  • N.C. State fair booth highlights choose & cut promotional program. (1989). Limbs & Needles. 17 (1). Pp. 3, 7.
  • National Christmas tree production survey, (1974). Limbs & Needles. 2 (3), p. 6.
  • Natural heritage: Weather records. (2005). Retrieved June 1, 2009, from Grandfather Mountain: Nature on a Whole New Level web site: http://www.grandfather.comj/natural_heritage/weather_records.php
  • NC industry summary: Outlook for prospective new growers. (1989). Limbs & Needles. 17 (1), pp. 20-21.
  • NC winter meetings. (1980). Limbs & Needles. 8 (2), p. 26.
  • Nelson, G. (2008). A look beeyond the 50s… Retrieved June 29, 2009 from: The antique Christmas lists museum at http://www.oldchristmaslights.com/beyond_the_50s.htm
  • New color brochure available to NCCTA members. (1988). Limbs & Needles. 16 (1), p. 16.
  • North Carolina appoints executive director. (1987). Limbs & Needles. 15 (3). p. 1.
  • North Carolina Christmas tree growers will meet at Newland May 8. (1959, April 30). Tri-County News.
  • North Carolina CTA members meet at Lake Junaluska. (1987). Limbs & Needles. 16 (3), pp 2-4, 6-7.
  • North Carolina studies new structure at annual meeting. (1989). Limbs & Needles. 17 (3). Pp. 2-3.
  • North Carolina to have full time executive director. (1986). Limbs & Needles. 14 (3), p. 19.
  • Ollis, J. R. (1961, January 26). Forest seedlings now available. Avery Journal.
  • Osbourne, C. (1981, December 14). Christmas tree farm long-term investment. The Asheville Citizen-Times, p. 11.
  • Our Christmas tree guru retires! (1993). Limbs & Needles. 20 (2), p.19.
  • Overcash, R. A. & Pearce, S. B. (1978). First venture yields success. American Christmas Tree Journal.22 (3), pp. 31-32.
  • Owen, J. H. (2004). 2003 NCCTA planting survey results. Limbs & Needles. 31 (2), p. 12-14.

Top

P-S

  • Paun, L. (2009). Artificial Christmas trees. Retrieved on June 29, 2009 from ttp://christmas.lovetoknow.com/Artificial_Christmas_Tree
  • Pendleton, T. H. and Garrett, L. D. (1970). Factors that influence Christmas tree sales. Northeastern Forest Experiment Station Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
  • Phillips, J. A. (1987, April 7). Letter to John Wagoner including notes from Christmas tree overview, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Pittard, J. D. (2008). Fir season. Our State. 76 (7), p.116-122.
  • Pittman, C., (2009). January 27 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Jerry Moody.
  • Ponderosa tree farm. (1980). TVA proposal. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association Archives.
  • Pursh, R. (1814). Flora Americae Septentrionalis. White, Cochrane, and Company.
  • Prasad, V. K. (1987). 1986 biennial national Christmas tree planting and harvest survey. Limbs & Needles. 15 (2), pp. 10-14.
  • Preliminary notice of determination concluding the rebuttable presumption against registration of pesticide products containing Lindane. (1980, July 3) Federal Register. Vol. 45. No. 130.
  • President’s Christmas tree to be cut today in Avery. (1971, December 3). Asheville Citizen.
  • Quinn, C. Christmas-tree growers tangled in forest of rules. Winston-Salem Journal. (paper was 50 cents – 1996???
  • Report on research and control methods used to combat the woolly aphid pest in the balsam forests of the Southern Appalachians (1964 probable date). Extension Forest Resources notes.
  • Research Endowment — $210,000 pledged. (2007). Limbs & Needles. 34 (4), p. 10.
  • Rhyne, T. (1983). March 8 memorandum to Bill Huxster, Subject: Strategy for tree improvement and seed production in Fraser fir meeting. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Rideout, J. (2000). The New River Watershed Tree BMP Project, Limbs & Needles. 27 (2), p. 10.
  • Riessen, G. (1996). The future of the Christmas tree industry. American Christmas Tree Journal. 40 (4), pp. 15-21.
  • Robinson, C. (1992). Person of the Year: Joe Clayton. Mountain Life Magazine. December.
  • Rogers, A. D. (1972). 2 North Carolina trees go to Washington, D. C. American Dhristmas tree journal. 16 (2), p. 20-21.
  • Rogers, A. D. (1973). Highlights in our quest for 1974 National Convention. Limbs & Needles. 1 (1), p. 3.
  • Rogers, A. D. (1980, July 22). Letter to Don McNeil, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Rogers, D. A. (1995). Getting to know Jack Wiseman. Limbs & Needles. 22 (1), p. 18.
  • Rogers, D. A. (1996). Getting to know Fred Wagoner. Limbs & Needles 23(3), p. 6, 8.
  • Rogers, L. (1985). The Christmas tree grower and ‘Operation Real Tree,’ Limbs & Needles 13 (3), p. 4, 6.
  • Sanford seeks federal help against aphid. (1962, October 27). The News and Observer.
  • Sargent, V. (1993). Meet Kenneth Dotson. Limbs & Needles 20 (3) pp. 17-18.
  • Scheer, R. L. (1979, August 28). Letter and proposal and memorandum of agreement to NCCTA, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Schoenike, R. E. (1977). Leyland cypress for Christmas trees. Limbs & Needles. 5 (1), p. 4-5.
  • Schwarzkopf, S. K. (1985). A History of Mt. Mitchell and the Black Mountains: Exploration, development and preservation. North Carolina Division of Archives and History.
  • Scott ready for RealTree campaign. (1988). Limbs & Needles. 16 (3). pp. 11-12.
  • Sexton, J. (2009). February 10 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Sharp, J. B. (1963, February 11). Letter to Pvt. John Lerner, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Shearing Christmas plants. (1959, November 26). Avery Journal.
  • Shelton, J. (2008). January 28 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Shepherd, D. (1975). President’s corner. Limbs & Needles. 3 (1), p. 2.
  • Sidebottom, J. R. (1999/2003/2008). Crop profile for Christmas trees in North Carolina (mountains). Retrieved August 24, 2009 at: http://www.ipmcenters.org/CropProfiles/docs/NCchristmastrees.pdf
  • Sidebottom, J. R. (2003/2008). Evaluation of the Christmas tree industry in western north Carolina on surface water quality. Christmas tree production in North Carolina. Retrieved August 24, 2009 at: https://christmastrees.ces.ncsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/water_summary.pdf”
  • Sidebottom, J. R. (2008). Meet Keith Reinhardt. Limbs & Needles. 35(3) pp. 23, 29.
  • Sides brothers place trees in White House and Governor’s mansion. (1974). Limbs & Needles. 2 (1), p. 1.
  • Sides, B. (1995). Alleghany Christmas tree association. Limbs & Needles. 22 (2), p. 18
  • Sides, B. (2007). March 7 interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Silver, T. (2003). Mount Mitchell and the Black Mountains: An Environmental History of the Highest peaks in Eastern America. The University of North Carolina Press.
  • Sluder Floral, (1959, July 16). Avery Journal.
  • Smith, J. L. (1986, October 13). Letter to Larry South, County Manager, Ashe County, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Smith, M. B. (1986, November 15). Membership renewal notice to NCCTA members, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Snedeker, S. M. (1998, revised 2001). Pesticides and Breast Cancer Risk: Simazine. Fact sheet # 16. Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/FactSheet/Pesticide/fs16.simazine.cfm
  • Soil Conservation News, (1959, June 4). Avery Journal.
  • Sorrells, S. (1986). North Carolina’s Fraser fir industry. American Christmas Tree Journal. 30 (4). [/ 22. 24.
  • Sowder, A. M. (1949). Christmas trees: The Tradition, The Industry, The Farmer and Christmas Trees. Trees: Yearbook of Agriculture. U. S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Sowder, A. M. (1965). Statistics for the U. S. Christmas tree industry. Journal of Forestry. 63(11), p. 876.
  • Speers, C. F. (1958). The balsam woolly aphid in the Southeast, Journal of Forestry. 56 (7) pp. 515-516.
  • Speers, C. F. (1966). Potential insect and disease problems of Fraser fir. Prepared for a meeting to discuss the Roan Mt. seed source area, its possible expansion, and development of other Fraser fir seed source areas. September 1, 1966, Asheville, NC.
  • Speers, C. R. (1963). Fraser fir seed collection, stratification, and germination. Tree Planters’ Notes No. 53. 13 (3).
  • Stevens, E. C. (1987). Economic development and cultural values in Appalachia: The case of Christmas tree growers in Avery County, North Carolina. Appalachian State University.
  • Stewart, M. C. (1959, April 7). Letter to John Gilliam, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Successful NC meeting boosts new promotional plan. (1990). Limbs & Needles. 17 (4), p.2.
  • “Surplus is Coming” warns MC keynoter, Campbell. (1983). American Christmas Tree Journal. 27 (2), p. 25.

Top

T-Z

  • Tagner, M. (1998, November 5). Mitchell Fraser fir headed to U.S. Capitol, Avery Mountain Times
  • Tagner, M. (2001, November 16). A history of Christmas tree farming in NC. The Mountain Times.
  • Tatum, E. R. (1982). Presidents column. Limbs & Needles. 10 (2)., p. 2.
  • Taylor, D., (2007) February 27 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Thanks, Daylon! (1987). Limbs & Needles. 15 (3). p. 4.
  • The First National Convention. (1960). American Christmas Tree Growers’ Journal. 4 (4), p. 7.
  • The Fraser fir…A phoenix of the Southern Appalachians. (1980, February 13). Video script. North Carolina Christmas Tree Association Archives.
  • Thickety tree farm. (1973). Limbs & Needles. 1 (1), p. 1
  • Thiel, P. (1990). An introduction to the new NCCTA Executive Secretary. Limbs & Needles. 17 (5), p. 5.
  • Thiel, P. (1991). It all started when… Limbs & Needles, 18 (2), p. 16-17, 20.
  • Thiel, P. (1992). Introducing Pam Johnson. Limbs & Needles. 19 (2), pp. 24-25.
  • Thompson, F. (1995, October 19). Pesticide impact measured in Avery water supply. The Mountain Times.
  • Through the fields… Industry memories and Accolades. (1999). Limbs & Needles, 26(2), p. 6-8, 14, 16.
  • Thwaites, R. G. (Ed.) (1904). Travels West of the Alleghanies: Made in 1793-1796 by André Michaux; in 1802 by F. A. Michaux; and in 1803 by Thaddeus Mason Harris, M. A. The Arthur H. Clark Company.
  • Time for a change? (1978). Limbs & Needles. 6 (3), p. 1.
  • Tompkins, D. (1984). Tomorrow’s challenges: Will growers wake up? Limbs & Needles. 12 (3), pp. 10-12, 14, 16-18, 20
  • Tompkins, D. (1998). Wolf creek Tree farm – A North Carolina Gem. American Christmas Tree Journal. 42 (4), pp. 32-35.
  • Tree growers demonstration (1960, June 16). Avery Journal.
  • Tree Growers Meet. (1960, February 18). Avery Journal.
  • Tree seedlings on sale by NC Forestry Dept at low rates. (1959, January 8). The Tri-County News.
  • Trees. (1997, November 16). Bristol Herald Courier.
  • United States Standards for Christmas Trees. (1957, November 1). U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • Van Wyk, S. (1984) Hal Johnson wins again! The Skyland Post.
  • Vance, J. (1997). County association profile: Mitchell County. Limbs & Needles, 24 (3), p. 12.
  • Vance, J. (2002). The evolution of the Roan Mountain Fraser fir. Limbs & Needles, 29 (4), pp. 6-7.
  • Wagoner, F. (2007). April 12 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Della Deal.
  • Wagoner, J. (1976). February 20 letter to Dr. Ken Keller, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1981, October 12). Director’s meetings notes, Raleigh, Daylon Roger’s home, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1981, September 11). Director’s meetings notes, Banner Elk, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1982, February 16). Director’s meetings notes, Jefferson, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1982, October 14). Director’s meetings notes, Raleigh, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1982, September 24). Director’s meetings notes, Lake Junaluska, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1986, July 25). Director’s meetings notes, Sparta, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1987, July 24) Memorandum Subject: Summer meeting and new executive director, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Wagoner, J. (1988, September 15). Director’s meeting notes, Lake Junaluska, North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Walker, K. (1987, November 22). Use local trees for Christmas decoration. Florida Today.
  • Wall, S. (1996, November 25). The fir trade: ‘The Cadillac of Christmas trees’ big business in area. Asheville Citizen-Times.
  • Warren, R. J. (1991, ????). O Christmas tree! O Christmas tree! How deadly are you branches? Chemical use on farms raises health Questions. The High Point Enterprise
  • Warren. R. J. (1995, December 24). O Christmas tree! O Christmas tree! How deadly are your branches? Chemical use on farms raises health questions. North Caorlina produces world-renowned trees. The High Point Enterprise.
  • Washington, J. (2009). June 26 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom.
  • Watauga County Christmas Tree Association web site. (2007). About Us. http://www.wataugachristmastrees.org/about.htm viewed August 7, 2009.
  • Weatherman, C., (2007). August 13 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Jerry Moody.
  • Weiss, J. (1991). Laceys celebrate 25 years of White House tree. American Christmas Tree Journal. 35 (1). p. 30.
  • “We’re real tree people!” Clintons continue White House tree tradition. (1996). American Christmas Tree Journal. 40 (1), p.9.
  • Western Maine forest nursery advertisement. (1963). American Christmas Tree Journal. 10 (3), p. 40.
  • White House Christmas tree from Crossnore. (1971, December 2). Avery Journal.
  • White House Christmas tree: 2008. (2008). National Christmas Tree Association web site. Retrieved August 18, 2009 at: http://www.christmastree.org/whitehouse07.cfm
  • Whitfield, F. E. (1965, August). Some diseases of Christmas trees. Farm Forestry Facts. Forestry Extension Department, N. C. State.
  • Whitfield, F. E. (1968). Growing Christmas trees in North Carolina. The North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service. Circular 486.
  • Whitfield, F. E. (1968). North Carolina promotes via ag. Fairs. American Christmas tree Journal, 12 (1), p. 19-20.
  • Whitfield, F. E. (1977). Growing Christmas Trees in North Carolina. The North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service. AG-95.
  • Whitfield, F. E., (1973). Why we need more Christmas tree research. Limbs & Needles. 1(1) p. 4.
  • Whitfield, F. E., Douglass, R. S. (1966, January). Trees suitable for Christmas-tree production in North Carolina. Farm Forestry Facts. Forestry Extension Department, N. C. State.
  • William Nevada Aldridge. (1997, May 21) Obituary, Asheville Citizen.
  • Williams, C. (2000). André Michaux. Retrieved June 1, 2009 from André Michaux: Explorer, Collector, Botanist web site: http://michaux.org/michaux.htm
  • Williams, W. K. (1958). Fraser Fir as a Christmas Tree. U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service/Extension Service.
  • Wiseman, J. (2007) February 29 personal interview with Jill Sidebottom and Jerry Moody.
  • Worksheet. (1963). North Carolina Christmas Tree Association archives.
  • Worth, L. (1995). Homer and Bonnie Sides among pioneers. Limbs & Needles. 22 (2) p. 17-18.
  • Wright, J. W. (1965).Choice of species for Christmas tree plantations. Journal of Forestry, 63(11), pp. 844-846.
  • Wyatt, R. C. (1961, January 26). Avery Journal.
  • Xmas tree important industry. (1964, November 5). Skyland Post.
Page Last Updated: 3 years ago
Was the information on this page helpful? Yes check No close