NC State Extension

Pesticides Labeled for Use on Christmas Trees in North Carolina

The following are pesticides with a Christmas tree label, listed in alphabetical order. Information about each material is provided as a convenience to the reader. There may be additional important information on the label including extra personal protective equipment for mixers and loaders or differences in PPE with engineering controls. Read the label and follow all directions. This is not a complete list of materials labeled for Christmas trees. Some pesticides such as Roundup (glyphosate) are labeled under many brands. Not all are listed here. For a product to be considered legal to use, Christmas trees should be on the label. For any questions as to whether a product is labeled for Christmas trees, contact the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Pesticide Division at 919.733.3556.

Please note that though all these materials are labeled for use on Christmas trees, growers typically only use one or two insecticides and herbicides each year to grow their trees. Christmas trees do not require nearly as many pesticides as most fruits and vegetables.

ADMIRE PRO Systemic protectant

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of white grubs
  • Active Ingredient: Imidacloprid
  • Active Ingredient: 4.6 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Neonicotinoid
  • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
  • EPA Registration Number: 264-827
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 7.0 – 14.0 fluid ounces/Acre; Maximum per season: 14.0 fluid ounces/Acre (0.5 lb AI/Acre)
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

AKARI 5SC

  • Type: Contact miticide
  • Uses: Control of all stages of SSM and HRM
  • Active Ingredient: Fenpyroximate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.42 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Phenoxypyrazole
  • Manufacturer: SePRO
  • EPA Registration Number: 71711-4-67690
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 16 – 24 fl. oz/100 gal.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; protective eyewear; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

APOLLO SC

  • Type: Ovicide/miticide
  • Uses: Controll of all but mature SSM
  • Active Ingredient: Clofentezine
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Unknown mite growth inhibitors
  • Manufacturer: Makhteshim Agan of North America
  • EPA Registration Number: 66222-47
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 4 – 8 fluid ounces/Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves, such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

ASANA

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of BWA. Also controls BTA and partial control of EHS
  • Active Ingredient: Esfenvalerate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.66 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Synthetic pyrethroid
  • Manufacturer: DuPont
  • EPA Registration Number: 352-515
  • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 5.6 – 9.6 fl. oz/100 gallon
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, or neoprene, or nitrile rubber, or Viton; shoes plus shocks; protective eyewear

AVID 0.15 EC

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Suppression of aphids and mites; young immatures must be contacted by the spray
  • Active Ingredient: Abamectin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.15 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Avermectins
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-896
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 4 – 8 fl. oz/100 gallon
  • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; chemical-resistance gloves – EPA chemical-resistance category B (e.g., barrier laminate or butyl rubber >14 mils); chemical resistant footwear plus socks; protective eyewear; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

BARRICADE 4FL

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Selective pre-emergence control of grass and broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Prodiamine
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Dinitroaniline
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-1139
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 21 – 48 ounces/Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

BARRICADE 65WG

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Selective pre-emergence control of grass and broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Prodiamine
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.65 lbs per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Dinitroaniline
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-834
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 1.0 – 2.3 lbs/Acre. Maximum rate per year 2.3 lbs/Acre.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as butyl rubber >14 mils, or neoprene rubber >14 mils, or nitrile rubber >14 mils; shoes plus socks

BROADSTAR

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Preemergence weed control
  • Active Ingredient: Flumioxazim
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.25 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: N-phenylphthalimide
  • Manufacturer: Valent
  • EPA Registration Number: 59639-128
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 150 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride; shoes plus socks

CONFIRM 2F

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of caterpillars; must be ingested to be effective.
  • Active Ingredient: Tebufenozide
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Diacyhydrazines
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62710-420
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: 4 – 8 fluid ounces/Acre; do not exceed 16 fl oz per year.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

CONSERVE SC

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of caterpillars
  • Active Ingredient: Spinosad
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1 pound per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Spinosyns
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-291
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: 4 – 16 fluid ounces/Acre; do not exceed 58 fl oz per year.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

DACONIL Weather Stik

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of foliar diseases
  • Active Ingredient: Chlorothalonil
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 6 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Chloronitrile
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 50534-209-100
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 12 hours with 6.5 days requiring eye flush
  • Rate: 2 ¼ – 8 pints /Acre; do not apply more than 31.5 pints/Acre each growing season.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

DACONIL ZN

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of foliar diseases
  • Active Ingredient: Chlorothalonil
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.16 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Chloronitrile
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 50534-202-100
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 12 hours with 6.5 days requiring eye flush
  • Rate: 1 ½ – 5 pints /Acre; do not apply more than 22 pints/Acre each growing season.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

DIMETHOATE 400

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of BTA and RBM among other pests. Also partial control of EHS. Control of living SSM and HRM but not the eggs.
  • Active Ingredient: Dimethoate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.0 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Organophosphate
  • Manufacturer: Loveland Products
  • EPA Registration Number: 34704-207
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 10 days
  • Rate: 1 – 1 ½ pints /Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves; a NIOSH-approved dust mist filtering respirator with MSHA/NIOSH approval number prefix TC-21C or a NIOSH-approved respirator with any R, P, or HE filter

DIMILIN 25W

  • Type: Insect growth regulator
  • Uses: Control of caterpillars, HRM
  • Active Ingredient: Diflubenzuron
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.25 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Benzoylureas
  • Manufacturer: Chemtura
  • EPA Registration Number: 400-465
  • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 1 – 8 ounces/Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves, such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, PVC or Viton; shoes plus socks

DITHANE F-45 RAINSHIELD

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of needle casts
  • Active Ingredient: Mancozeb
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Ethylene bisdithiocarbamate (EBDC)
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-396
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 1.6 – 3.2 quarts (51.2 – 102.4 fluid ounces) per Acre.
  • PPE: Coveralls over long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

DITHANE 75DF RAINSHIELD

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of needle casts
  • Active Ingredient: Mancozeb
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.75 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Ethylene bisdithiocarbamate (EBDC)
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-402
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 1.5 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

DITHANE M45

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of needle casts
  • Active Ingredient: Mancozeb
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.8 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Ethylene bisdithiocarbamate (EBDC)
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-387
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 4 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Coveralls over long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

ENDEAVOR

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of BTA
  • Active Ingredient: Pymetrozine
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.5 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Unknown feeding blockers
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-913
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 2 ½ – 5 ounces/100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material – Category A (e.g., barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

ENVIDOR 2SC

  • Type: Miticide
  • Uses: Control of all stages including eggs of SSM and HRM
  • Active Ingredient: Spirodiclofen
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Tetronic acid derivative
  • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
  • EPA Registration Number: 264-831
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 18.0 – 24.7 fluid ounces/Acre; make only one application per year.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

FLAGSHIP 25 WG

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Systemic control of aphids (not tested in Christmas trees), white grub control
  • Active Ingredient: Thiamethoxam
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 ounces per pound
  • Chemical Family: Neonicotinoid
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-955
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 40 – 120 pounds/Acre; do not exceed 120 pounds/Acre per crop or year whichever is shorter.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material Category A (e.g., barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

FLAGSHIP 0.22 G

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Systemic control of aphids (not tested in Christmas trees), white grub control
  • Active Ingredient: Thiamethoxam
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.35 ounces per pound
  • Chemical Family: Neonicotinoid
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-960
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 8 ½ ounces/100 gallons or 4 – 7 ounces per Acre; do not exceed 17 oz/A per crop or year.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; gloves made of any waterproof material – Category A (e.g., natural
    rubber >14 mils); shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

FLORAMITE SC

  • Type: Miticide
  • Uses: Control of SSM
  • Active Ingredient: Bifenazate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Carbazate
  • Manufacturer: OHP solutions
  • EPA Registration Number: 400-508-59807
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 4 – 8 ounces/100 gallons; do not make more than 2 applications per year; do not apply more than 32 oz/A/year.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

FUSILADE II

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of grass weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Fluazifop-P-butyl
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 ounces per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Aryloxyphenoxy-propionic
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-1084
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 8 ½ ounces/100 gallons or 4 – 7 ounces per Acre; do not exceed 17 oz/A per crop or year.
  • PPE: PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or nitrile rubber or Viton or neoprene; shoes plus socks

GALLERY 75 DF

  • Type: Preemergence Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of certain broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Isoxaben
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.75 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Benzamide
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-145
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 0.66 – 1.33 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

GARLON 3A

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of woody plants and broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Triclopyr
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Carboxylic acid
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-37
  • Use/Signal Word: Danger
  • REI: 48 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 5 pints (32 to 80 fluid ounces) per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear; chemical resistant gloves (>14 mls) such as butyl rubber, natural rubber, neoprene rubber or nitrile rubber

GOAL 2XL

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Broad-spectrum, pre-emergent at high rates and post-emergent at low rates
  • Active Ingredient: Oxyfluorfen
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Nitrophenyl ether
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-424
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 6 days for conifer trees; 3 days for conifer seedlings
  • Rate: 4 – 8 pints per Acre; do not exceed 16 pints per acre per year
  • PPE: Coveralls over long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves (such as barrier laminate, Viton); chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure; chemical-resistant apron when exposed to the product concentrate

HORTICULTURAL OIL

  • Type: Broad-spectrum Insecticide
  • Uses: Some control of all Christmas tree pests
  • Active Ingredient: Refined petroleum distillate
  • Chemical Family: —
  • Manufacturer: Various
  • EPA Registration Number: Various
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: Recommended at 2% solution – 2 gallons per 100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

IMIDAN 70-W

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of European pine shoot moth, gypsy moth, Nantucket pine tip moth, pitch eating weevil, Pales weevil, adult root collar weevil and sawfly
  • Active Ingredient: Phosmet
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.7 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Organophosphate
  • Manufacturer: Gowan
  • EPA Registration Number: 10163-169
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 13 days
  • Rate: 1 ⅓ – 1 ½ pounds per Acre or for individual trees 1 ⅓ lbs per 100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves for mixers and loaders, applicators using hand held equipment; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

KERB 50-W

  • Type: Selective Herbicide
  • Uses: For fall applications for the control of winter annual and perennial grasses and certain broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Pronamide
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.5 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Substituted benzamide
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-397
  • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 4 pounds per Acre; do not apply more than 4 pounds per acre per year
  • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; waterproof gloves; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

LORSBAN 4E

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Specifically for BTA, winter control of BWA and white grubs
  • Active Ingredient: Chlorpyrifos
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Organophosphate
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-220
  • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 1 quart per Acre; 3 quarts per Acre for Pales weevils; do not make more than 3 applications per year.
  • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; chemical-resistant gloves; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure; a NIOSH- approved dust mist filtering respirator with MSHA/NIOSH approval number prefix TC-21C or a NIOSH-approved respirator with any R, P, or HE filter

MONTANA 2F

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of aphids, adelgids, and sawflies
  • Active Ingredient: Imidacloprid Active Ingredient: 2 pounds per gallon Chemical Family: Neonicotinoid
  • Manufacturer: Rotam North America, Inc.
  • EPA Registration Number: 83100-83979
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours; 7 day pre-harvest interval
  • Rate: 3.2 — 6.4 fluid ounces/Acre; Maximum per season: 32.0 fluid ounces/Acre (0.5 lb AI/Acre)
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinylchloride
    (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

MOVENTO

  • Type: Systemic Insecticide
  • Active Ingredient: Spirotetramat
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Tetronic acid derivatives
  • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
  • EPA Registration Number: 264-1050
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 5 to 10 fluid ounces per acre; maximum allowed per crop season: 20 fl. oz/Acre
  • PPE: Protective eyewear, long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

NATURALIS L

  • Type: Biological Product
  • Uses: Control of insects
  • Active Ingredient: Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: No less than 2.3 X 107 viable spores per milliliter of product
  • Chemical Family: Biological agent
  • Manufacturer: Troy Biosciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 53871-9
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: 30 – 100 fluid ounces/100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; mist filtering respirators with NIOSH standards of at least N-95, R-95, P-95; shoes plus socks

OnyxPro

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of BWA, BTA, SSM, Cinara aphids and vaious other pests
  • Active ingredient: bifenthrin
  • Active ingredient concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical family: synthetic pyrethroid
  • Manufacturer: FMC Corporation
  • EPA Registration Number: 279-4269
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning/Restricted
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 1.8 to 14.4 fluid ounces per 100 gallons
  • PPE: Coveralls worn over short-sleeved shirt and shot pants. Socks. Chemical resistant footwear. Chemical resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride or viton.

PENDULUM 2G

  • Type: Preemergence Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of certain grasses and broadleaves
  • Active Ingredient: Pendimethalin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.02 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Dinitroaniline
  • Manufacturer: BASF
  • EPA Registration Number: 241-375
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 75 – 150 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

PENDULUM 3EC

  • Type: Preemergence Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of certain grasses and broadleaves as they germinate
  • Active Ingredient: Pendimethalin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3.3 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Dinitroaniline
  • Manufacturer: BASF
  • EPA Registration Number: 241-341
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 2.4 – 4.8 quarts (76.8 – 153.6 fluid ounces) per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber >14 mils, nitrile rubber >14 mils, neoprene rubber >14mils, or viton >14 mils; shoes plus socks

PENNANT MAGNUM

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of many annual grasses, certain annual broadleaf weeds, and yellow nutsedge
  • Active Ingredient: S-metolachlor
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 7.62 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Chloroacetanilide
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-950
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 1.3 – 2.6 pints (20.8 – 41.6 fluid ounces) per Acre; do not exceed a total of 4.2 pints per acre per year
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or Viton; shoes plus socks

PRINCEP Liquid

  • Type: Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of grass weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Simazine
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Triazines
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-526
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 48 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 4 quarts per Acre; do not exceed apply more than 4 quarts per acre per year
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

RANGER PRO

  • Type: Broad-spectrum Postemergent Herbicide
  • Active Ingredient: Glyphosate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Organophosphorus
  • Manufacturer: Monsanto
  • EPA Registration Number: 524-517
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: Up to 10 gallons per 100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

ROUNDUP ORIGINAL MAX

  • Type: Broad-spectrum Postemergent Herbicide
  • Active Ingredient: Glyphosate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.5 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Organophosphorus
  • Manufacturer: Monsanto
  • EPA Registration Number: 524-539
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: Up to 7 gallons per 100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride

ROUNDUP PRO

  • Type: Broad-spectrum Postemergent Herbicide
  • Active Ingredient: Glyphosate
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.5 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Organophosphorus
  • Manufacturer: Monsanto
  • EPA Registration Number: 524-475
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: Up to 10 gallons per 100 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

SAFARI 20 SG

  • Type: Systemic Insecticide
  • Active Ingredient: dinotefuran
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 20% by weight
  • Chemical Family: neonicotinoid
  • Manufacturer: Valent
  • EPA Registration Number: 86203-11-59639 supplemental label for Christmas trees; 33657-16-59639 federal label
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: Foliar spray 4 – 8 ounces per 100 gallons. Soil drench 1.0 – 2.1 ounces per 10 feet of height. Basal bark spray 1.5 – 6.0 ounces per gallon. One gallon of spray solution will typically cover 325 – 425 inches of cumulative trunk diamter when applied to trunk between soil surface and 1 foot above soil surface. Do not apply more than 2.7 pounds per acre.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride; shoes plus socks

Safer’s INSECTICIDAL SOAP

  • Type: Broad-spectrum Contact Insecticide
  • Active Ingredient: Potassium salts of fatty acids
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 49.54% by weight
  • Chemical Family: —
  • Manufacturer: Safer
  • EPA Registration Number: 42697-60
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate: 1 – 2 gallons per gallon
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

SANMITE

  • Type: Miticide
  • Uses: Control of all life stages of spider mites and hemlock rust mites
  • Active Ingredient: Chloropyridazin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.75 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Pyridazinone
  • Manufacturer: Gowan
  • EPA Registration Number: 81880-5-10163
  • Use/Signal Word: Warning
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 4 ounces/100 gallons or 4 – 7 ounces per Acre; do not exceed 21.34 ounces per acre per year
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; protective eyewear; shoes plus socks; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

SAVEY 50 DF

  • Type: Miticide
  • Uses: Control of eggs and immatures of SSM
  • Active Ingredient: Hexythiazox
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.5 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Hexythiazox
  • Manufacturer: Gowan
  • EPA Registration Number: 10163-250
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 3 – 6 ounces per Acre; do not make more than one application per year
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

SIVANTO PRIME

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control BTA and Cinara aphids
  • Active Ingredient: Flupyradifurone
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1.67 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Butenolide
  • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
  • EPA Registration Number: 264-1141
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 4 hours
  • Rate:7 – 14 fluid ounces per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or nitrile rubber or neoprene rubber or Viton; shoes plus socks

SNIPER

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of BTA, BWA and SSM as well as other pests
  • Active Ingredient: Bifenthrin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Synthetic pyrethroid
  • Manufacturer: Loveland Products
  • EPA Registration Number: 34704-858
  • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate:3.9 – 12.8 fluid ounces per Acre. Maintain a minimum of 21 days between applications.
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or nitrile rubber or neoprene rubber or Viton; shoes plus socks

STINGER

  • Type:Herbicide
  • Uses: Selective postemergence control of broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Clopyralid
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.5 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Picolinic acid
  • Manufacturer: Dow AgroSciences
  • EPA Registration Number: 62719-73
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: ¼ – ⅔ pints (4 to 10.7 fluid ounces) per acre; do not exceed ½ pint (8 fluid ounces) per acre per year
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

SUBDUE GR

  • Type: ungicide
  • Uses: Control of PRR and other diseases caused by Pythuim and Phytopthora
  • Active Ingredient: Mefenoxam
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.01 pound per pound
  • Chemical Family: Pheylamides
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-794
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 48 hours
  • Rate: 50 – 250 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

SUBDUE MAXX

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of PRR and other diseases caused by Pythuim and Phytopthora
  • Active Ingredient: Mefenoxam
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 22% active ingredient by weight
  • Chemical Family: Pheylamides
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-796
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 48 hours
  • Rate: 0.625 – 1.25 gallons per 50 gallons
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

SUBDUE WSP

  • Type: Fungicide
  • Uses: Control of PRR and other diseases caused by Pythuim and Phytopthora
  • Active Ingredient: Mefenoxam
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.45 pound per pound
  • Chemical Family: Pheylamides
  • Manufacturer: Syngenta
  • EPA Registration Number: 100-795
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 48 hours
  • Rate: 1 – 5 pounds per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

SURFLAN AS

  • Type: Selective Preemergent Herbicide
  • Uses: Control of annual grasses and many broadleaf weeds
  • Active Ingredient: Oryzalin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Dinitroaniline
  • Manufacturer: Southern Agricultural Insesticides
  • EPA Registration Number: 70506-44
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 24 hours
  • Rate: 2 – 4 quarts (64 to 128 fluid ounces) per acre; do not exceed 8 quarts per acre per year
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

TALSTAR SELECT

  • Type: Insecticide
  • Uses: Control of BTA, BWA and SSM as well as other pests
  • Active Ingredient: Bifenthrin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.67 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Synthetic pyrethroid
  • Manufacturer: FMC Corporation
  • EPA Registration Number: 279-3155
  • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 5 – 40 fluid ounces per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, polyvinyl chloride or Viton; shoes plus socks

TALUS 70 DF

  • Type: Insect Growth Regulator
  • Uses: Control of scales
  • Active Ingredient: Buprofezin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.7 pounds per pound
  • Chemical Family: Buprofezin
  • Manufacturer: SePRO
  • EPA Registration Number: 71711-21-67690
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 14 ounces per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

TALUS 40SC

  • Type: Insect Growth Regulator
  • Uses: Control of scales
  • Active Ingredient: Buprofezin
  • Active Ingredient Concentration:3.6 pounds per gallon
  • Chemical Family: Buprofezin
  • Manufacturer: SePRO
  • EPA Registration Number: 71711-21-67690
  • Use/Signal Word: Caution
  • REI: 12 hours
  • Rate: 21.5 fluid ounces per Acre
  • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant (such as nitrile or butyl) gloves; protective eyewear; shoes plus socks

Recommendations for the use of chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact an agent of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in your county.

CHEMICAL COMPANIES

Written By

Photo of Dr. Jill SidebottomDr. Jill SidebottomExtension Specialist (Mountain Conifer IPM) (828) 684-3562 jill_sidebottom@ncsu.eduForestry & Environmental Resources - NC State University
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