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NC State Extension

Pesticides Labeled for Use on Christmas Trees in North Carolina

The following are pesticides with a Christmas tree label, listed in alphabetical order. Information about each material is provided as a convenience to the reader. There may be additional important information on the label including extra personal protective equipment for mixers and loaders or differences in PPE with engineering controls. Read the label and follow all directions. This is not a complete list of materials labeled for Christmas trees. Some pesticides such as Roundup (glyphosate) are labeled under many brands. Not all are listed here. For a product to be considered legal to use, Christmas trees should be on the label. For any questions as to whether a product is labeled for Christmas trees, contact the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Pesticide Division at 919.733.3556.

Please note that though all these materials are labeled for use on Christmas trees, growers typically only use one or two insecticides and herbicides each year to grow their trees. Christmas trees do not require nearly as many pesticides as most fruits and vegetables.

ACRAMITE-4SC

    • Type: Miticide
    • Uses: Control of spider mites
    • Active Ingredient: Bifenazate
    • Active Ingredient: 4 pounds per gallon
    • Chemical Family: Group un Insecticides (Unknown mode of action)
    • Manufacturer: MacDermid Agricultural Solutions
    • EPA Registration Number: 400-514
    • Use/Signal Word: Caution
    • REI: 12 hours
    • Rate: 12 – 16 fluid ounces per Acre
    • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

ADMIRE PRO Systemic Protectant

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of white grubs
      • Active Ingredient: Imidacloprid
      • Active Ingredient: 4.6 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 4A Insecticides (Neonicotinoids)
      • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 264-827
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: Soil application: 7.0 – 14.0 fluid ounces/Acre; Foliar application: 1.4 – 2.8 fluid ounces/Acre; Maximum per season any application type: 14.0 fluid ounces/Acre (0.5 lb AI/Acre)
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

APOLLO SC

      • Type: Ovicide/miticide
      • Uses: Control of all but mature SSM
      • Active Ingredient: Clofentezine
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 10A Insecticide
      • Manufacturer: ADAMA
      • EPA Registration Number: 66222-47
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 8 fluid ounces/Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves, such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

ASANA XL Insecticide

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of BWA. Also controls BTA and partial control of EHS
      • Active Ingredient: Esfenvalerate
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.66 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Insecticide (Synthetic pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: Valent
      • EPA Registration Number: 56939-209
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted Use/Warning
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 5.8 – 9.6 fl. oz/100 gallon
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, or neoprene rubber, or nitrile rubber, or Viton; shoes plus shocks; protective eyewear

AVID 0.15 EC (ARDENT 0.15 EC)

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Suppression of aphids and mites; young immatures must be contacted by the spray
      • Active Ingredient: Abamectin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.15 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 6 Insecticides (Avermectins)
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-896
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 8 fl. oz/100 gallon
      • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; chemical-resistance gloves – EPA chemical-resistance category B (e.g., barrier laminate or butyl rubber); chemical resistant footwear plus socks; protective eyewear; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

AZA-DIRECT

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Antifeedant, repellant and insect growth regulator for aphids, beetles, borers, caterpillars, scales, and other various pests
      • Active Ingredient: Azadirachtin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.0987 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group UN Insecticide (Unknown Mode of Action)
      • Manufacturer: Gowan
      • EPA Registration Number: 71908-1-10163
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: 18– 21 ounces/100 gallons; do not exceed 57 ounces per Acre per application
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

BARRICADE 4FL

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Selective pre-emergence control of grass and broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Prodiamine
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-1139
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 21 – 48 ounces/Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

BARRICADE 65WG

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Selective pre-emergence control of grass and broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Prodiamine
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 65% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-834
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 1.0 – 2.3 lbs/Acre. Maximum rate per year 2.3 lbs/Acre.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as butyl rubber, or neoprene rubber, or nitrile rubber; shoes plus socks

BLACKHAWK NATURALYTE INSECT CONTROL

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of caterpillars, sawfly larvae
      • Active Ingredient: Spinosad
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 36% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 5 Insecticides (Spinosyns)
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-523
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: 1.1 – 4.4 ounces/Acre; do not exceed 20 ounces per Acre per year.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of barrier laminate, polyvinyl buytly rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

BROADSTAR

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Preemergence weed control
      • Active Ingredient: Flumioxazim
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.25 % active ingredient
      • Chemical Family: Troup 14 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Valent
      • EPA Registration Number: 59639-128
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 150 pounds per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material such as polyethylene or polyvinyl chloride; shoes plus socks

CARBARYL 4L

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of ants, aphids, bagworms, spruce gall adelgids, eriophyid mites, sawflies, spittlebugs, gypsy moth
      • Active Ingredient: Carbaryl
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 1A Insecticide (Carbamate)
      • Manufacturer: Loveland Products
      • EPA Registration Number: 34704-447
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 1 quart/Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

CONFIRM 2F

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of caterpillars; must be ingested to be effective.
      • Active Ingredient: Tebufenozide
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 18 Insecticide (Diacylhydrazines)
      • Manufacturer: Gowan
      • EPA Registration Number: 8033-111-10163
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 8 fluid ounces/Acre; do not exceed 16 fl oz per year.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

CONSERVE SC

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of caterpillars, sawfly larvae
      • Active Ingredient: Spinosad
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1 pound per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 5 Insecticides (Spinosyns)
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-291
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 16 fluid ounces/Acre; do not exceed 58 fluid ounces per year.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

COURAZE 1.6 F

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Controls aphids, adelgids, sawflies
      • Active Ingredient: Imidacloprid
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1.6 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 4A Insecticide (Neonicotinoid)
      • Manufacturer: Cheminova
      • EPA Registration Number: 264-763-67760
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 8 fluid ounces per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves, such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, PVC or Viton; shoes plus socks

DACONIL WeatherStik

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of foliar fungal diseases
      • Active Ingredient: Chlorothalonil
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 6 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group M5 Fungicide (Chloronitriles)
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 50534-209-100
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 12 hours with 6.5 days requiring eye flush
      • Rate: 1.5 – 8 pints /Acre; do not apply more than 22 pints/Acre each growing season.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

DACONIL ZN

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of foliar diseases
      • Active Ingredient: Chlorothalonil
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.16 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group M5 Fungicide (Chloronitriles)
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 50534-211-100
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 12 hours with 6.5 days requiring eye flush
      • Rate: 2.25 – 8 pints /Acre; do not apply more than 31.5 pints/Acre each growing season.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; protective eyewear; shoes plus socks

DIMETHOATE 400

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of BTA and RBM among other pests. Also partial control of EHS. Control of living SSM and HRM but not the eggs.
      • Active Ingredient: Dimethoate
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.0 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 1B Insecticide (Organophosphate)
      • Manufacturer: Loveland Products
      • EPA Registration Number: 34704-207
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 10 days
      • Rate: 1 – 1 ½ pints /Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves; protective eyewear; a NIOSH-approved dust mist filtering respirator with MSHA/NIOSH approval number prefix TC-21C or a NIOSH-approved respirator with any R, P, or HE filter

DIMILIN 25W

      • Type: Insect growth regulator
      • Uses: Control of caterpillars, sawflies, weevils, HRM
      • Active Ingredient: Diflubenzuron
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 25% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 15 Insecticides (Benzoylureas)
      • Manufacturer: MacDermid Agricultural Solutions
      • EPA Registration Number: 400-465
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 1 – 8 ounces/Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves, such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, PVC or Viton; shoes plus socks

DITHANE F-45 RAINSHIELD

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of needle casts
      • Active Ingredient: Mancozeb
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group M3 Fungicide (Dithiocarbamates)
      • Manufacturer: Corteva Agriscience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-396
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 1.6 – 3.2 quarts per Acre.
      • PPE: Coveralls over long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

DITHANE 75DF RAINSHIELD

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of needle casts
      • Active Ingredient: Mancozeb
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 75% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group M3 Fungicide (Dithiocarbamates)
      • Manufacturer: Corteva Agriscience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-402
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 1.5 pounds per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

DITHANE M45

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of needle casts
      • Active Ingredient: Mancozeb
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 80% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group M3 Fungicide (Dithiocarbamates)
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-387
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 2 – 4 pounds per Acre
      • PPE: Coveralls over long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

ENDEAVOR

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of aphids
      • Active Ingredient: Pymetrozine
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 50% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 9B insecticide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-913
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 2 ½  – 5 ounces/100 gallons; do not apply more than 10 ounces per Acre per application; do not apply more than 48 ounces per Acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material – Category A (e.g., barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinylchloride (PVC) or Viton; shoes plus socks

ENVIDOR 2 SC

      • Type: Miticide
      • Uses: Control of all stages including eggs of SSM and HRM
      • Active Ingredient: Spirodiclofen
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 23 Acaricide (Tetronic and Tetramic acid derivatives)
      • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 264-831
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 18.0 – 24.7 fluid ounces/Acre; make only one application per year.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

FLAGSHIP 25WG

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Systemic control of ants, aphids, adelgids, sawflies, soft scale, black vine weevil adults, white grub control (soil application)
      • Active Ingredient: Thiamethoxam
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 25% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 4A Insecticide (Neonicotinoid)
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-955
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 2 – 8.5 ounces/100 gallons for foliar application; 4 to 17 ounces/Acre applied to soil; do not exceed 17 ounces per Acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material Category A (e.g., natural rubber); shoes plus socks

FLAGSHIP 0.22 G

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: aphids, white grubs
      • Active Ingredient: Thiamethoxam
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 0.035 ounces per pound
      • Chemical Family: Group 4A Insecticide (Neonicotinoid)
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-960
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 40 to 120 pounds per Acre; do not exceed 120 pounds per Acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; gloves made of any waterproof material – Category A (e.g., barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, natural rubber, polyethlene polyvinylchloride (PVC), or Viton); shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

FLORAMITE SC

      • Type: Miticide
      • Uses: Control of SSM
      • Active Ingredient: Bifenazate
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 20D Insecticide
      • Manufacturer: OHP solutions
      • EPA Registration Number: 400-508-59807
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 8 ounces/100 gallons; do not make more than 2 applications per year; do not apply more than 32 ounces per Acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

FUSILADE II

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of grass weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Fluazifop-P-butyl
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 1 Herbicide (ACCase Inhibitors)
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-1084
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 16 – 24 ounces per Acre; may require directed spray
      • PPE: PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or nitrile rubber or Viton or neoprene rubber; shoes plus socks

GALLERY SC

      • Type: Preemergence Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of certain broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Isoxaben
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4.16 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 21 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-658
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 16 – 31 fluid ounces per Acre; do not apply more than 31 ounces per Acre in a single application; do not exceed 124 fluid ounces per Acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; chemical resistant gloves

GARLON 3A

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of woody plants and broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Triclopyr
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 4 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-37
      • Use/Signal Word: Danger
      • REI: 48 hours
      • Rate: 2 – 5 pints (32 to 80 fluid ounces) per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear; chemical resistant gloves such as butyl rubber, natural rubber, neoprene rubber or nitrile rubber

GOAL 2XL

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Broad-spectrum, pre-emergent at high rates and post-emergent at low rates
      • Active Ingredient: Oxyfluorfen
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family:
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-424
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 1 – 4 pints per Acre, conifer seed beds; 4 – 8 pints per Acre for conifer transplants/ Christmas tree farms; do not exceed 16 pints per acre per year
      • PPE: Coveralls over long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves (such as barrier laminate, Viton); chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure; chemical-resistant apron when exposed to the product concentrate

HORTICULTURAL OIL

      • Type: Broad-spectrum Insecticide
      • Uses: Some control of all Christmas tree pests
      • Active Ingredient: Refined petroleum distillate
      • Chemical Family:
      • Manufacturer: Various
      • EPA Registration Number: Various
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: Recommended at 2% solution – 2 gallons per 100 gallons
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

IMIDAN 70-W

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of European pine shoot moth, gypsy moth, Nantucket pine tip moth, pitch eating weevil, Pales weevil, adult root collar weevil and sawfly
      • Active Ingredient: Phosmet
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 70% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 1B Insecticide (Organophosphate)
      • Manufacturer: Gowan
      • EPA Registration Number: 10163-169
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 13 days
      • Rate: 1 ⅓ – 1 ½ pounds per Acre or for individual trees 1 ⅓ lbs per 100 gallons
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks; chemical-resistant gloves for mixers and loaders, applicators using hand held equipment; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure; a respirator with an organic-vapor cartridge with a prefilter approved for pesticides (MSHA/NIOSH approval number prefix TC-23C), or a canister approved for pesticides  MSHA/NIOSH approval number prefix TC-14G), or a NIOSH-approved respirator with an organic vapor (OV) cartridge or canister with any N, R or P or He prefilter

KERB SC

      • Type: Selective Herbicide
      • Uses: For fall applications for the control of winter annual and perennial grasses and certain broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Pronamide
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3.3 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-578
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 2.5 – 5 pints per Acre
      • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; waterproof gloves; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

KERB 50-W

      • Type: Selective Herbicide
      • Uses: For fall applications for the control of winter annual and perennial grasses and certain broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Pronamide
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 50% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-397
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 2 – 4 pounds per Acre; do not apply more than 4 pounds per acre per year
      • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; waterproof gloves; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure

LORSBAN 4E & LORSBAN ADVANCED

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Specifically for BTA, winter control of BWA and white grubs
      • Active Ingredient: Chlorpyrifos
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon (Lorsban 4E); 3.755 pounds per gallon (Lorsban Advanced)
      • Chemical Family: Group 1B Insecticide (Organophosphate)
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-220 (Lorsban 4E); 62719-591 (Lorsban Advanced)
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 1 quart per Acre; 3 quarts per Acre for Pales weevils; do not make more than 3 applications per year.
      • PPE: Coveralls over short-sleeved shirt and short pants; chemical-resistant gloves; chemical-resistant footwear plus socks; chemical-resistant headgear for overhead exposure; a NIOSH- approved dust mist filtering respirator with MSHA/NIOSH approval number prefix TC-21C or a NIOSH-approved respirator with any R, P, or HE filter

MALTHION 8 WPS

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Specifically for sawlflies
      • Active Ingredient: Malathion
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 8 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 1B Insecticide (Organophosphate)
      • Manufacturer: Gowan
      • EPA Registration Number: 10163-21
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: up to 3.2 pints per Acre; no more than 2 applications per year
      • PPE: Long sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

MOVENTO

      • Type: Systemic Insecticide
      • Active Ingredient: Spirotetramat
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 23 Insecticide
      • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 264-1050
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 5 to 10 fluid ounces per acre; maximum allowed per crop season: 20 fl. oz/Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, natural rubber, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, or viton; shoes plus socks

OnyxPro

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of BWA, BTA, SSM, Cinara aphids and various other pests
      • Active ingredient: bifenthrin
      • Active ingredient concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical family: Group 3A Insecticide (Synthetic Pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: FMC Corporation
      • EPA Registration Number: 279-4269
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning/Restricted
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 1.8 to 14.4 fluid ounces per 100 gallons
      • PPE: Coveralls worn over short-sleeved shirt and short pants, socks, chemical resistant footwear, chemical resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, polyvinyl chloride or viton.

PENDULUM 2G

      • Type: Preemergence Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of certain grasses and broadleaves
      • Active Ingredient: Pendimethalin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide (Dinitroaniline)
      • Manufacturer: BASF
      • EPA Registration Number: 241-375
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 100 – 200 pounds per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

PENDULUM 3.3 EC

      • Type: Preemergence Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of certain grasses and broadleaves as they germinate
      • Active Ingredient: Pendimethalin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3.3 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide (Dinitroaniline)
      • Manufacturer: BASF
      • EPA Registration Number: 241-341
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 2.4 – 4.8 quarts per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, or viton; shoes plus socks

PENNANT MAGNUM

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of many annual grasses, certain annual broadleaf weeds, and yellow nutsedge
      • Active Ingredient: S-metolachlor
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 7.62 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 15 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-950
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 1.3 – 2.6 pints per Acre; do not exceed a total of 4.2 pints per acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

PERMETHRIN 3.2 EC

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of Nantucket pine tip moth, coneworms and seed bugs in orchards
      • Active Ingredient: Permethrin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3.2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3A Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: Helena Chemical Company
      • EPA Registration Number: 70506-9-5905
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 4– 8 ounces per Acre; up to 30 ounces per Acre in seed orchards
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

PRINCEP Liquid

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Simazine
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 5 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-526
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 48 hours
      • Rate: 2 – 4 quarts per Acre; do not exceed apply more than 4 quarts per acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; shoes plus socks

RANGER PRO

      • Type: Broad-spectrum Postemergent Herbicide
      • Active Ingredient: Glyphosate
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 9 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Monsanto
      • EPA Registration Number: 524-517
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: Up to 10 gallons per 100 gallons
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

ROUNDUP PRO

      • Type: Broad-spectrum Postemergent Herbicide
      • Active Ingredient: Glyphosate
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 9 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Monsanto
      • EPA Registration Number: 524-475
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: Up to 10 gallons per 100 gallons
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

SAFARI 20 SG

      • Type: Systemic Insecticide
      • Active Ingredient: dinotefuran
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 20% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 4A Insecticide (Neonicotinoid)
      • Manufacturer: Valent
      • EPA Registration Number: 86203-11-59639
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: Foliar spray 4 – 8 ounces per 100 gallons. Soil drench 1.0 – 2.1 ounces per 10 feet of height. Basal bark spray 12 – 24 ounces per gallon. One gallon of spray solution will typically cover 65 – 85 inches of cumulative trunk diameter when applied to trunk between soil surface and 1 foot above soil surface. Do not apply more than 2.7 pounds per acre.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

Safer’s INSECTICIDAL SOAP

      • Type: Broad-spectrum Contact Insecticide
      • Active Ingredient: Potassium salts of fatty acids
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 49.54% by weight
      • Chemical Family: —
      • Manufacturer: Safer
      • EPA Registration Number: 42697-60
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 4 hours
      • Rate: 1 – 2 gallons per gallon
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

SANMITE

      • Type: Miticide
      • Uses: Control of mites
      • Active Ingredient: Pyridaben
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 75% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 21 Acaricide
      • Manufacturer: Gowan
      • EPA Registration Number: 81880-10163
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 4 – 6 ounces per 100 gallons; do not apply more than 21.3 ounces per Acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; protective eyewear; shoes plus socks; chemical resistant headgear for overhead exposure

SAVEY 50 DF

      • Type: Miticide
      • Uses: Control of eggs and immatures of SSM
      • Active Ingredient: Hexythiazox
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 50 % by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 10A Insecticide
      • Manufacturer: Gowan
      • EPA Registration Number: 10163-250
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 3 – 6 ounces per Acre; do not make more than one application per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

SILENCER

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control BTA, BWA, bagworms, gypsy moth, pine tip moth, seed/cone pests, others
      • Active Ingredient: Lambda-cyhalothrin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1 pound per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3A Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: ADAMA Essentials
      • EPA Registration Number: 66222-104
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 2.56 – 5.12 fluid ounces per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or Viton; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

SIVANTO PRIME

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control BTA and Cinara aphids
      • Active Ingredient: Flupyradifurone
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1.67 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 4D Insecticide
      • Manufacturer: Bayer CropScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 264-1141
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 7 – 14 fluid ounces per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or nitrile rubber or neoprene rubber or Viton; shoes plus socks

SNIPER

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control of BTA, Cinara aphid, BWA, EHS, root weevil and SSM
      • Active Ingredient: Bifenthrin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3A Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: Loveland Products
      • EPA Registration Number: 34704-858
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 3.9 – 12.8 fluid ounces per Acre. Maintain a minimum of 21 days between applications; do not make more than 2 applications in a crop year.
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate, butyle rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or Viton; shoes plus socks

STINGER

      • Type:Herbicide
      • Uses: Selective postemergence control of broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Clopyralid
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 4 Herbicide
      • Manufacturer: Corteva AgroScience
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-73
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: ¼ – ⅔ pints per Acre; do not exceed ½ pint per acre per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

SUBDUE GR

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of PRR and other diseases caused by Pythuim and Phytopthora
      • Active Ingredient: Mefenoxam
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 1 % by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 4 Fungicide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-794
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 48 hours
      • Rate: 6 – 60 pounds per Acre for seed beds and transplant beds; 50 – 250 pounds per Acre in Christmas tree fields
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any waterproof material; shoes plus socks

SUBDUE MAXX

      • Type: Fungicide
      • Uses: Control of PRR and other diseases caused by Pythuim and Phytopthora
      • Active Ingredient: Mefenoxam
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 4 Fungicide
      • Manufacturer: Syngenta
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-796
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 48 hours
      • Rate: 1.25 – 2.5 pints/Acre in at least 50 gallons of water per Acre for seedlings and transplants; 0.625 – 1.25 gallons/Acre in Christmas tree fields in at least 50 gallons of water per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

SURFLAN AS

      • Type: Selective Preemergent Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of annual grasses and many broadleaf weeds
      • Active Ingredient: Oryzalin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 4 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3 Herbicide (Dinitroaniline)
      • Manufacturer: Southern Agricultural Insecticides
      • EPA Registration Number: 62719-113-829
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 2 – 4 quarts  per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves; protective eyewear; shoes plus socks

TALUS 70 DF

      • Type: Insect Growth Regulator
      • Uses: Control of scales
      • Active Ingredient: Buprofezin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 70% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 16 Insecticide (Buprofezin)
      • Manufacturer: SePRO
      • EPA Registration Number: 71711-21-67690
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 6 – 14 ounces per Acre (use high rate for scales)
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; waterproof gloves; shoes plus socks

TALUS 40SC

      • Type: Insect Growth Regulator
      • Uses: Control of scales
      • Active Ingredient: Buprofezin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 3.6 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 16 Insecticide (Buprofezin)
      • Manufacturer: SePRO
      • EPA Registration Number: 71711-21-67690
      • Use/Signal Word: Warning
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 9 – 21.5 ounces per Acre (high rate for scale control)
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves (such as nitrile or butyl); protective eyewear; shoes plus socks

TETRASAN 5 WDG

      • Type: Miticide
      • Uses: Control spider mites
      • Active Ingredient: Etoxazol
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 5% by weight
      • Chemical Family: Group 3A Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: Valent
      • EPA Registration Number: 59639-108
      • Use/Signal Word: Caution
      • REI: 12 hours
      • Rate: 28 – 40 ounces per Acre; make only one application per year
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; shoes plus socks

WARRIER II

      • Type: Insecticide
      • Uses: Control BTA, BWA, bagworms, gypsy moth, pine tip moth, seed/cone pests, others
      • Active Ingredient: Lambda-cyhalothrin
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: 2.08 pounds per gallon
      • Chemical Family: Group 3A Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
      • Manufacturer: Syngentia
      • EPA Registration Number: 100-1295
      • Use/Signal Word: Restricted/Warning
      • REI: 24 hours
      • Rate: 1.28 – 2.56 fluid ounces per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or Viton; shoes plus socks; protective eyewear

Westar

      • Type: Herbicide
      • Uses: Control of broadleaves and grasses
      • Active Ingredient: Hexazinone and Sulfometuron methyl
      • Active Ingredient Concentration: Hexazinone (68.6%) and Sulfometuron methyl (6.5%) by weight; dispersible granules
      • Chemical Family: Group 5 & 2 Herbicides (Triazinone and Sulfonylurea)
      • Manufacturer: Bayer
      • EPA Registration Number: 432-1558
      • Use/Signal Word: Danger
      • REI: 48 hours
      • Rate: 6 to 12 ounces per Acre
      • PPE: Long-sleeved shirt and long pants; chemical-resistant gloves made of any water proof material; protective eyewear; shoes plus socks

      Recommendations for the use of chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact an agent of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in your county.